Mental health providers often use different training paths to achieve their career goals. Families should be aware of the differences in provider specialties and what the different providers are able to offer.
Note: Not all mental health professionals in Ohio are licensed; however, you can quickly determine whether a professional is licensed by calling the State of Ohio Counselor, Social Worker & Marriage and Family Therapist Board or by using the online Ohio License Center.
ADHD Coaches are trained in specific techniques to help those with ADHD and work with clients on tactical, not psychological, issues. Together, the coach and client address practical issues such as managing time, maintaining focus and becoming more effective in both their personal and professional lives.
Learn more about ADHD Coaches at the ADHD Coaches Organization website.
Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC, LPCC, LPCC-S)
Also called Clinical Mental Health Counselors, these professionals combine traditional psychotherapy with a practical, problem-solving approach. Because the educational requirements for this specialty are typically less than psychologists and psychiatrists (master’s degree or higher), these professionals often have lower hourly rates and may have more availability.
Learn more about Licensed Professional Counselors at the American Mental Health Counselors Association website.
Behavioral Intervention Specialist
These providers use principles of applied behavioral analysis (ABA) and/or other behavioral interventions to understand the nature of a behavior and develop a treatment plan to replace behaviors with appropriate coping skills. ABA treatment plans should be developed by board-certified behavior analysts (BCBAs); however, treatment can be completed by anyone who has been trained in ABA.
Learn more about Behavior Intervention Specialists at the Behavior Analyst Certification Board website.
Licensed Social Worker
Early Intervention Specialist
These specialists work with county boards of developmental disabilities to screen young children (birth to 3 years) and coordinate treatment, including therapies, counseling, medical services and family support.
Psychiatrist (including Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist)
Psychiatrists are licensed physicians (M.D. or D.O.) who specialize in mental health. Some psychiatrists further specialize in areas such as child and adolescent, geriatric or addiction psychiatry. As physicians, psychiatrists can prescribe and monitor medications.
Child and adolescent psychiatrists have two additional years of advanced training beyond general psychiatry with children, adolescents and families. They can conduct medical/psychiatric evaluations and provide a full range of treatment interventions.
Learn more about psychiatrists at the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry website.
Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist (LMFTs or LIMFTs)
These therapists help with a wide array of relationship issues within the context of the family system, including emotional disorders, and help you resolve conflicts or problems relating to marriage and family issues. Marriage and Family Therapists broaden the traditional emphasis on the individual to attend to the nature and role of individuals in primary relationship networks such as marriage and the family.
In the state of Ohio, psychologists must possess a doctoral degree (Ph.D., Psy.D, or Ed.D) in clinical, educational, counseling, developmental or research psychology. Psychologists conduct psychological evaluations and provide treatment for emotional and behavioral problems and disorders. Psychologists can also conduct psychological testing and assessments.
Learn more about psychologists at the American Psychological Association website.